According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, ulcerative colitis usually commences between the ages of 15 and 30 years and is rarely seen to be developing in old age. Almost 20% cases of ulcerative colitis can be blamed on genetics. Ulcerative Colitis can be characterized as an Inflammatory Bowel Disorder which is quite akin to other similar diseases like the Crohn’s Disease. Most often, the symptoms of these diseases are similar and detection may pose a problem.
Ulcerative Colitis is caused when there is inflammation in the inner surface of the colon and rectum. These inflammations can bleed and can also produce pus. As a result of this, the colon might be provoked to empty out more often. This could lead to frequent motions and diarrhea in most cases. Quite often, the problems pertaining to the immune system of an individual is often considered to be responsible for ulcerative colitis. However, the problems in the immune system could be either the cause or the result of the presence of the disease.
Most often, ulcerative colitis is associated with emotional distress and food sensitivity. However, this is a misconception. The disease is not caused as a result of these. However, the symptoms might aggravate due to the presence of these factors. Sometimes, the stress of leading a life while managing the symptoms of ulcerative colitis could be a bit too much to handle. Such associated stress can also lead to the aggravation of symptoms.
Ulcerative Colitis can be a potentially hazardous condition to deal with. Therefore, early detection of the disease is mandatory. It’s important to understand the symptoms exhibited by the disease for being able to react at the right time. The very first symptoms to look out for would be severe abdominal pain accompanied with diarrhea and blood in stools. Recurrent episodes of this disorder need to be investigated and treated suitably and in time. However, diagnosing on the basis of these couple of symptoms alone may be vague. Some of the other symptoms associated specifically with this illness might include:Anemia could be one of the symptoms of this disease.Patients might feel the extremely tired and fatigued when suffering from this disorder.Weight loss is also a common feature in patients suffering from ulcerative colitis.Loss of appetite is common in such patients. Recurrent episodes of stomach pain and diarrhea automatically kill the hunger to a certain extent.Some patients might also experience rectal bleeding, which is a potentially dangerous condition.The associated diarrhea causes the loss of body fluids and vital salts which might lead to dehydration, unless attended to.Skin lesions are also common in such patients.Joint pains might also occur in patients suffering from colorectal cancer.If ulcerative colitis occurs in children, it can often lead to stunted growth.Considering the fact that ulcerative colitis causes an inflammation of the immunity system, there could be other diverse symptoms as well. Some of the potentially damaging ones would include osteoporosis, liver problems, eye infections and arthritis. Most of these problems are taken care of when the disease is treated successfully.
Drug Based Treatments
Drug based treatments for ulcerative colitis has been considered effective in most cases. There are quite a few of them which have been made available to mankind post relentless research by medical scientists. Aminosalicylates and corticosteroids are administered for controlling the inflammation. In addition, immunomodulators are also prescribed for addressing the immune system. However, these drugs are slow to act and might provide relief after continuous usage through 6 months.